Whole Genome Sequencing

Whole genome sequencing (WGS) identifies almost all changes in a patient’s DNA by sequencing both the entire protein coding and the non-coding regions of the genome. It provides for instance detailed information on the thousands of genes involved in normal growth, development, and all of the “silent” genomic regions simultaneously.

Today there are millions of patients suffering from incorrectly diagnosed or undiagnosed genetic diseases because of insufficient genetic testing. Although in certain cases approaches like single gene testing, panel testing or microarrays are able to identify the cause of a disease, these analyses are ultimately limited and can fail to reveal the full genetic cause. WGS, in contrast, overcomes such limitations and can detect all relevant variants and variant types within a single step and method.

Most research on genetic diseases has been heavily biased towards mutations in gene coding regions, but this is about only 1-2% of a patient’s entire genome. Numerous clinical studies now exist which demonstrate the critical role of non-coding sequence variants as well.

Features of Whole Genome Sequencing at Centogene

CentoGenome® – Key Features

WGS captures the broadest scope of genetic alterations causing a disease in one single test – single nucleotide variants (SNVs), small insertions and deletions (InDels), structural variants (SVs), including large copy number variations (CNVs), and thus providing the most comprehensive variant analysis.

Key features of CentoGenome

When is CentoGenome® Recommended ?

CentoGenome® is recommended especially for the diagnosis of patients with heterogeneous phenotypes, unclear or atypical clinical symptoms, or with a long list of prior differential diagnoses, or who have exhausted other genetic testing options.

When is CentoGenome recommended

Clinical Anamnesis and Reporting

Conclusive clinical reports

In WGS, data analysis and identifying the disease-underlying variant(s) among a large number of variants is still a challenge. With CentoGenome®, we can help you to diagnose complex and unsolved cases of genetic origin, by finding the clinically important variants. CentoGenome® combines our expertise in bioinformatics and clinical interpretation, with our proprietary variant database CentoMD® and world-class experience in rare disease diagnostics.

We analysed tens of thousands of clinical genomes or exomes from patients worldwide. This experience and variant information is integrated and reflected in CentoMD®, which is the largest mutation database of rare genetic diseases. In combination with a solid anamnesis and description of symptoms, this is the foundation of our high diagnostic rates.

  • Detailed evaluation of patient’s clinical information and family history
  • Clear results of identified variants that can explain the phenotype
  • Variant classification following international best-practice guidelines (ACMG)
  • Comprehensive medical interpretation
  • Recommendations for differential diagnoses or follow-up analyses for specific diseases
  • References to publications supporting the medical and scientific results
  • Detailed description of the genetic testing method, and coverage report of genes
  • Report of research variants or incidental findings (optional)

Clinical anamnesis

For high-quality interpretation of the data, it is crucial to obtain specific and detailed clinical information about the index patient and ideally also further family members when performing whole genome sequencing. This can increase the diagnostic yield to significantly over 40%.

Incidental findings

CENTOGENE does report on findings not directly related to the cause of a disease only upon request and only for genes listed in the ACMG guidelines.